BJOG : an international journal of obstetrics and gynaecology
Fentanyl administered by s.c. and i.n. routes is as efficacious in relieving labour pain as i.m. pethidine, but resulted in greater satisfaction, less sedation, shorter labour, fewer nursery admissions, and fewer difficulties in establishing breastfeeding. Fentanyl appears to be a suitable alternative to pethidine when providing parenteral pain rel...
Pediatric blood & cancer
Findings suggests an unfavorable cytokine milieu for graft-derived immune recovery, possibly inducing Ig isotype class switch arrest. Younger age, acute GvHD, and higher pre-HSCT IL-6 levels were identified as significant risk factors for long-term hypo-IgG. Long-term hypo-IgG post-HSCT does not need to be unfavorable and could be an effect of dete...
Muscle & nerve
Immunoglobulins are an effective but expensive treatment for chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP). Although the goal is to improve function, use of functional scales to monitor therapy is not widespread. Limited recent evidence suggests that doses lower than those used traditionally may be as effective. There are no prov...
Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism
We report the use of continuous subcutaneous hydrocortisone infusion in an adolescent patient with primary adrenal insufficiency. This novel hydrocortisone delivery method proved to be a feasible, well-tolerated and safe option for selected patients with poor response to conventional therapy.
Expert opinion on drug delivery
In addition to increasing dosing accuracy, finer dosing increments may result in reductions in unnecessary hGH usage, which may in turn result in reductions in the cost of hGH treatment borne by the health-care payer.
Expert review of clinical immunology
Fatal reactions related to subcutaneous allergen immunotherapy are rare: one event in 2.5 million injections has been reported in the USA and none in Europe. The prevalence of very severe systemic reactions (systemic adverse events [SAEs]) is one in 1 million injections. Though the serious events rate is decreasing and the majority of SAEs (∼0.2% p...
In a retrospective study, we investigated 52 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) samples from cats with histologically confirmed cutaneous and subcutaneous mycoses to determine if the pathogens could be identified by molecular methods. Aim of the study was to obtain a deep understanding of the spectrum of infectious agents, which, as we hypoth...
Indian journal of dermatology
Dirofilariasis is a parasitic infection transmitted by mosquitoes from domestic and wild animals. Humans accidentally get infected and can present with a lung nodule, subcutaneous mass or an ocular lesion which will be either subconjunctival or periorbital. Proper microbiological and histopathological examinations aid in proper diagnosis. Herein, w...
Drugs in context
The prevalence of type 2 diabetes is increasing at an astounding rate. Many of the agents used to treat type 2 diabetes have undesirable adverse effects of hypoglycemia and weight gain. Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists represent a unique approach to the treatment of diabetes, with benefits extending outside glucose control, includi...
Animals : an open access journal from MDPI
Weaning is often an abrupt and stressful process. We studied the effects of administering oxytocin, subcutaneously or intranasally, on the ability of pigs to cope with weaning. On a commercial farm 144, 30 day-old pigs from 24 litters were used. On the day of weaning, one male and one female in each litter were administered one of three treatments:...