Balaji, Shyam Domenech, Guillem Silk, Joseph

The primordial spectrum of fluctuations may present a large peak as a result of enhancing features during inflation. This may include, but is not limited to, bumps in the inflaton's potential, phases of ultra-slow-roll or turns in multi-field space. However, in many models, inflation does not end immediately after the enhancing feature and it is li...

Wu, Yi-Peng Pinetti, Elena Silk, Joseph

If primordial black holes (PBHs) contribute more than 10 percent of the dark matter (DM) density, their energy density today is of the same order as that of the baryons. Such a cosmic coincidence might hint at a mutual origin for the formation scenario of PBHs and the baryon asymmetry of the Universe. Baryogenesis can be triggered by a sharp transi...

Castello, Sveva Ilić, Stéphane Kunz, Martin

The current epoch of accelerated cosmic expansion is postulated to be driven by dark energy, which in the standard model takes the form of a cosmological constant with equation of state parameter $w=-1$. We propose an innovative perspective over the nature of dark energy by drawing a parallel with inflation, which we assume to be driven by a single...

Castello, Sveva Ilic, Stephane Kunz, Martin

The present epoch of accelerated cosmic expansion is supposed to be driven by an unknown constituent called dark energy, which in the standard model takes the form of a cosmological constant, characterized by a constant equation of state with w = -1. An interesting perspective over the role and nature of dark energy can be achieved by drawing a par...

Goodhew, Harry Jazayeri, Sadra Lee, Mang Hei Gordon Pajer, Enrico

The initial conditions of our universe appear to us in the form of a classical probability distribution that we probe with cosmological observations. In the current leading paradigm, this probability distribution arises from a quantum mechanical wavefunction of the universe. Here we ask what the imprint of quantum mechanics is on the late time obse...

Pattison, Chris Vennin, Vincent Wands, David Assadullahi, Hooshyar

We consider the effect of quantum diffusion on the dynamics of the inflaton during a period of ultra-slow-roll inflation. We extend the stochastic-$\delta\mathcal{N}$ formalism to the ultra-slow-roll regime and show how this system can be solved analytically in both the classical-drift and quantum-diffusion dominated limits. By deriving the charact...

Ragavendra, H. V. Sriramkumar, L. Silk, Joseph

[Abridged] Recently, the production of primordial black holes (PBHs) and secondary gravitational waves (GWs) due to enhanced scalar power on small scales have garnered considerable attention in the literature. Often, the mechanism considered to arrive at such enhanced power involves a modification of the standard slow roll inflationary dynamics, ac...

Ragavendra, H. V. Saha, Pankaj Sriramkumar, L. Silk, Joseph

[Abridged] The primordial scalar power spectrum is well constrained on large scales, primarily by the observations of the anisotropies in the cosmic microwave background (CMB). Over the last few years, it has been recognized that a sharp rise in power on small scales will lead to enhanced formation of primordial black holes (PBHs) and also generate...

Ezquiaga, Jose María García-Bellido, Juan Vennin, Vincent

The curvature perturbations produced during an early era of inflation are known to have quasi-Gaussian distribution functions close to their maximum, where they are well constrained by measurements of the cosmic microwave background anisotropies and of the large-scale structures. In contrast, the tails of these distributions are poorly known, altho...

Caprini, Chiara Figueroa, Daniel G.

Gravitational waves (GWs) have a great potential to probe cosmology. We review early universe sources that can lead to cosmological backgrounds of GWs. We begin by presenting definitions of GWs in flat space-time and in a cosmological setting, and discussing the reasons why GW backgrounds from the early universe are of a stochastic nature. We recap...