7,8-dihydroxyflavone (7,8-DHF) is a TrkB receptor agonist, and treatment with this flavonoid derivative brings about an enhanced TrkB phosphorylation and promotes downstream cellular signalling. Flavonoids are also known to exert an inhibitory effect on the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) family of tyrosine kinase receptors. VEG...
The Journal of Neuroscience
Loss of vision in glaucoma results from the selective death of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs). Tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) signaling has been linked to RGC damage, however, the mechanism by which TNFα promotes neuronal death remains poorly defined. Using an in vivo rat glaucoma model, we show that TNFα is upregulated by Müller cells and microglia...
Topics in companion animal medicine
Canine and feline glaucomas are commonly presented as ocular emergencies. Glaucoma is a common cause of vision loss and a frustrating disorder in terms of medical and surgical treatment. Increased intraocular pressure (IOP) is a significant risk factor in the disease, leading to damage of the retina and optic nerve head. IOP measurement and goniosc...
The Yale journal of biology and medicine
Marijuana has been shown to lower intraocular pressure (IOP) but with limited duration of action and numerous adverse effects. Use of marijuana to lower IOP as a means of glaucoma treatment would require frequent use throughout the day, leading to significant adverse effects, possible progression toward Cannabis Use Disorder (CUD), and/or withdrawa...
Clinical case reports
Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is an autosomal dominant disease. Conjunctival telangiectasias and retinal vascular malformations are known ocular manifestations. We report here the first case of open angle glaucoma in a patient with HHT caused by a nonsense mutation, C471X in the ACVRL1 gene.
Glaucoma medications can improve clinical outcomes when patients adhere to their medication regimen. Providers often ask patients with glaucoma to self-report their adherence, but the accuracy of self-reporting has received little scientific attention. The purpose of this article was to compare a self-reported medication adherence measure with adhe...
The reproducibility of RO in healthy, as well as in diseased retinas, is excellent. In the glaucoma group, the lower standard deviation between subjects (SDb ) for arterioles contributes to the lower ICCs. Nevertheless, the measurements of oxygen saturation in arterioles seem more reliable when compared to venules.
American journal of physiology. Cell physiology
Elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) is the main risk factor for glaucoma. Exogenous nitric oxide (NO) decreases IOP by increasing outflow facility, but whether endogenous NO production contributes to the physiological regulation of outflow facility is unclear. Outflow facility was measured by pressure-controlled perfusion in ex vivo eyes from C57BL...
Clinical & experimental ophthalmology
Combined phaco-endoscopic cyclophotocoagulation effectively lowers or maintains intraocular pressure and results in ocular hypertensive medication reduction up to 36 months when compared with phaco alone. Therefore, phaco-endoscopic cyclophotocoagulation may help to increase medication compliance and reduce glaucoma progression in mild to moderate ...
Psychology research and behavior management
The similarity of the two interventions may have implications for the cost-effectiveness of the interventions. The taxonomy was found sufficient to describe both interventions. This level of specification can be used to ensure that precisely the same intervention that has been pilot tested is reproducible in the clinical setting and in any further ...