Betzios, Panagiotis Gürsoy, Umut Järvinen, Matti Policastro, Giuseppe

We continue the study initiated in [arXiv:1708.02252] of the fluctuations of a strongly-coupled non-conformal plasma described holographically by Einstein gravity coupled to a dilaton with an exponential potential. The plasma approaches a critical point of a continuous phase transition in a specific limit, where the metric becomes a linear-dilaton ...

Partouche, Hervé de Vaulchier, Balthazar

When supersymmetry is spontaneously broken at tree level, the spectrum of the heterotic string compactified on orbifolds of tori contains an infinite number of potentially tachyonic modes. We show that this implies instabilities of Minkowski spacetime, when the scale of supersymmetry breaking is of the order of the string scale. We derive the phase...

Acharya, Shreyasi Adamova, Dagmar Adler, Alexander Adolfsson, Jonatan Aggarwal, Madan Mohan Aglieri Rinella, Gianluca Agnello, Michelangelo Agrawal, Neelima Ahammed, Zubayer Ahmad, Shakeel
...

Experimental results are presented on event-by-event net-proton fluctuation measurements in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}$ = 2.76 TeV, recorded by the ALICE detector at the CERN LHC. These measurements have as their ultimate goal an experimental test of Lattice QCD (LQCD) predictions on second and higher order cumulants of net-baryon distr...

Perez, Alejandro Sudarsky, Daniel

In a recent work we have argued that nosy energy momentum diffusion due to space-time discreteness at the Planck scale (naturally expected to arise from quantum gravity) can be responsible for the generation of a cosmological constant during the electro-weak phase transition era of the cosmic evolution. Simple dimensional analysis and an effectivel...

Murtazaev, A. K. Kurbanova, D. R. Ramazanov, M. K.
Published in
Physics of the Solid State

AbstractThe phase transitions and the thermodynamic properties of the two-dimensional ferromagnetic Potts model with the number of spin states q = 4 on a triangular lattice are studied on the base of the Wang–Landau algorithm of the Monte Carlo method. The phase transition characters are analyzed using the method of the four-order Binder cumulants ...

Robertson, Niall F. Jacobsen, Jesper Lykke Saleur, Hubert
Published in
Journal of High Energy Physics

We initiate a study of the boundary version of the square-lattice Q-state Potts antiferromagnet, with Q ∈ [0, 4] real, motivated by the fact that the continuum limit of the corresponding bulk model is a non-compact CFT, closely related with the SL(2, ℝ)k/U(1) Euclidian black-hole coset model. While various types of conformal boundary conditions (di...

Partouche, Hervé de Vaulchier, Balthazar
Published in
Journal of High Energy Physics

We consider phase transitions occurring in four-dimensional heterotic orbifold models, when the scale of spontaneous breaking of N\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{d...

skilling, quinton m. ognjanovski, nicolette aton, sara j. zochowski, michal

We explore the possible role of network dynamics near a critical point in the storage of new information in silico and in vivo, and show that learning and memory may rely on neuronal network features mediated by the vicinity of criticality. Using a mean-field, attractor-based model, we show that new information can be consolidated into attractors t...

Amoretti, Andrea Areán, Daniel Goutéraux, Blaise Musso, Daniele

In this work, we uncover a universal relaxation mechanism of pinned density waves, combining Gauge/Gravity duality and effective field theory techniques. Upon breaking translations spontaneously, new gapless collective modes emerge, the Nambu-Goldstone bosons of broken translations. When translations are also weakly broken (eg by disorder or lattic...

Amoretti, Andrea Aréan, Daniel Goutéraux, Blaise Musso, Daniele
Published in
Journal of High Energy Physics

In phases where translations are spontaneously broken, new gapless degrees of freedom appear in the low energy spectrum (the phonons). At long wavelengths, they couple to small fluctuations of the conserved densities of the system. This mixing is captured by new diffusive transport coefficients, as well as qualitatively different collective modes, ...