Clinical & Experimental Metastasis
Autotaxin (ATX), originally isolated from human melanoma cells, is a novel metastasis-enhancing motogen and angiogenesis factor. In the present study, we compared the expression level of ATX mRNA between normal and breast cancer tissues and found that the expression of ATX mRNA was closely linked to invasiveness of cancer cells. Reverse transcripta...
In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology - Animal
The migratory responses of four human melanoma cell lines (A-2058, DEMEL, HTB-63, and HTB-72), using chemotaxis (CTX) and haptotaxis (HPTX) assays, were studied. The attractants were three extracellular matrix components (EMCs), fibronectin, laminin, and collagen type IV. The conditioned media (CM) of each cell line were used to study autocrine and...
Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
PurposeAutotaxin (ATX) is molecularly identical to lysophospholipase D (lysoPLD) and is a main enzyme producing lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), which mediates a broad range of cellular responses including stimulation of cell motility.Patients and MethodsUsing immunohistochemical staining, we examined the expression of ATX/lysoPLD in 98 cases of early ...
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a lipid mediator required for maintaining homeostasis of numerous physiological functions and also involved in development of some pathological processes through interactions with G protein-coupled receptors. Recently many data have appeared about the role of this phospholipid in humans, but pathways of LPA biosynthes...
The Journal of surgical research
HCC is congruent with a reprogramming of choline catabolism and phospholipid metabolism. Increased LPA may provide a potent mitogenic and proliferative microenvironment via autocrine/paracrine activation of high-affinity G-protein-coupled receptors. Additional research is required to better understand the role of these pathways in HCC development.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) designates a family of bioactive phosphoglycerides that differ in the length and degree of saturation of their radyl chain. Additional diversity is provided by the linkage of the radyl chain to glycerol: acyl, alkyl, or alk-1-enyl. Acyl-LPAs are the predominate species in tissues and biological fluids. Alkyl-LPAs exhibit...
10.1371/journal.pone.0066752 / PLoS ONE / 8 / 7 / e66752
Journal of lipid research
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a bioactive lipid mediator. Concentrations of the major LPA species in mouse plasma decreased uniformly following administration of a potent selective inhibitor of the LPA-generating lysophospholipase D autotaxin, identifying an active mechanism for removal of LPA from the circulation. LPA, akylglycerol phosphate (AGP...
The FEBS journal
Autotaxin (ATX) generates lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) from glycerophospholipid via lysophospholipase D (lysoPLD) activity in cooperation with phospholipase A. We studied its expression and possible functional roles in the ovary of nonfertile cycling rats. Immunohistochemistry revealed that ATX was located predominantly in luteal steroidogenic cells...
BBA - Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids
•Glycerolipid-signaling pathways play an important role in human physiology and disease.•Glycerolipid-metabolizing enzymes are attractive targets for therapeutic intervention.•Chemical modulators interrupting glycerolipid signaling are essential tools in research.