BackgroundRadioiodine represents a cost-effective treatment option for Graves’ disease. In the UK, it is traditionally reserved for patients who relapse after initial thionamide therapy. In a change from current practice, the new guidelines of the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) recommends that radioiodine should now be fir...
This study aims to provide a way to estimate the volume of the thyroid remnant and determine its relationship with the outcome of radioiodine (RAI) therapy in depth. A retrospective analysis was performed on patients who underwent initial RAI therapy between January 2010 and January 2016. The patients were divided into five groups based on the thyr...
BackgroundBefore radioiodine therapy for Graves’ disease, the estimated thyroid-absorbed dose is calculated based on various clinical parameters. However, the actual accumulation of iodine in the thyroid during radioiodine therapy is not determined. We validated the feasibility of post-therapeutic image-based thyroid dosimetry through quantitative ...
Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Here, we report the findings of a 25-year cytogenetic follow-up study on a male patient who received 2 rounds of radioiodine treatment within a span of 26 months (1.78 GBq in 1992 and 14.5 GBq in 1994). The patient was 34 years old with a body mass index of 25 at the time of the first radioiodine treatment. Multicolor FISH and multicolor banding (m...
European Thyroid Journal
Background: Radioiodine (RAI) therapy for Graves’ disease is a well-accepted and effective treatment with a good side effect profile. Short-term adverse effects can occasionally include radiation-induced thyroiditis. To my knowledge, cervical lymphadenitis associated with RAI therapy for Graves’ disease has not been reported before. Case Report: A ...
European journal of surgical oncology : the journal of the European Society of Surgical Oncology and the British Association of Surgical Oncology
Nuclear medicine and molecular imaging
The effective half-life of radioiodine is an important parameter for dosimetry in differentiated thyroid cancer patients, particularly in children. We determined the pre-therapy and post-therapy effective half-life in different types of lesions, i.e., remnant, node, or lung metastases. Of 84 patients recruited, 27 were
BackgroundThough the management of malignancies has improved vastly in recent years, many treatment options lack the desired efficacy and fail to adequately augment patient morbidity and mortality. It is increasingly clear that patient response to therapy is unique to each individual, necessitating personalised, or ‘precision’ medical care. This de...
PurposeExistence and cause of thyroid stunning was controversially discussed for decades but the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Numerous studies describe thyroid stunning in radioiodine-131 therapy (RIT) of differentiated thyroid carcinoma. However, there are no studies evaluating thyroid stunning in benign thyroid diseases caused by the rad...
Radiation and Environmental Biophysics
The present study was undertaken to optimize the dose of lithium, with an aim to increase the retention of I-131 in the thyroid follicles while maintaining the euthyroid state. 24 female Wistar rats weighing 110 ± 20 g were segregated into four groups. Animals in group I were fed standard laboratory feed and water throughout the period of experimen...