Journal of leukocyte biology
Testing for the presence of ANCAs in circulation is part of the clinical examinations routinely performed upon suspected autoimmune disorders, mainly vasculitis. The autoantibodies are typically directed toward neutrophil MPO or PR3. These are major granule-localized proteins, and similar to all hitherto-described ANCA antigens, they are expressed ...
As a novel effector mechanism polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) release neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs), which represent protein-labeled DNA matrices capable of extracellular trapping and killing of invasive pathogens. Here, we demonstrate for the first time NET formation performed by caprine PMN exposed to different stages (sporozoites and...
Neonatal neutrophils are characterized by the immaturity of bactericidal mechanisms that contributes largely to neonatal mortality. However, underlying molecular mechanism associated with the immaturity remains incompletely understood. In this study, we performed comparative proteomic analysis on neonatal neutrophils derived from human cord blood a...
The Journal of infectious diseases
Our results demonstrate protective role of Mincle in host defense against K. pneumoniae pneumonia by coordinating bacterial clearance mechanisms of neutrophils. A novel role for Mincle in the regulation of neutrophil NET formation may have implications in chronic disease conditions characterized by deregulated NET formation.
Seminars in Immunopathology
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a systemic autoimmune disease with various clinical manifestations affecting different tissues. A characteristic feature of SLE is the presence of autoantibodies against double-stranded (ds)DNA, histones and nucleosomes, and other chromatin components. SLE is a prototype type III hypersensitivity reaction. Loca...
Journal of Korean medical science
Biopsy of rectal carcinoid tumor is commonly taken before endoscopic resection. However the preceding biopsy can inhibit complete resection by causing blurred tumor border and fibrosis of the tissue. The objective of the study was to investigate the effect of preceding biopsy on complete endoscopic resection in rectal carcinoid tumor. It was also d...
Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
A traditional perspective of arterial thrombosis begins with vessel wall injury and exposure of subendothelial proteins, including collagen and tissue factor, to circulating cellular and non-cellular components. Adhesion and activation of platelets, mediated by their interaction with von Willebrand protein and collagen, respectively, coupled with t...
•Calloselasma rhodosthoma LAAO showed no toxicity on neutrophils.•LAAO induced superoxide anion and hydrogen peroxide production by neutrophil.•LAAO stimulated neutrophils to release IL-8 and TNF-α as well as NETs liberation.•The first demonstration of cytokines and NETs liberation from a snake LAAO toxin.
Cellular and Molecular Pathobiology of Cardiovascular Disease
Current concepts suggest that the basic mechanisms of venous and arterial thrombosis are different variations of similar pathogenetic pathways. Both venous and arterial thrombi are influenced by circumstance and heredity. Cellular elements of endothelium, leukocytes, and platelets contribute to the pathogenesis of thrombosis, although the degree of...
Journal of Innate Immunity
Recent investigations have highlighted new roles for neutrophils in the biology of infection and inflammation. Neutrophils are one of the main players in the innate immune system and actively contribute to host defense by killing pathogens. Added to their ability to eliminate microorganisms by phagocytosis, neutrophils can also kill microbes by cap...