Requardt, Manfred

With the help of a useful mathematical tool, the polar decomposition of closed operators, and a simple observation, i.e. the unique relation between tensor-product states and compact operators, we manage to give a compact and coherent account of the various properties of higher-order-Schmidt-representations.

Kauffmann, Steven Kenneth

Recent preliminary data gathered by the Fermilab MINOS Collaboration suggest with 95% confidence that the mass of the muon neutrino differs from that of its antineutrino partner, which contradicts the entrenched relativistic quantum theory notion that a free antiparticle is a negative-energy free particle compelled to travel backwards in time. Also...

Kirkup, L Pizzica, J Waite, K Srinivasan, L

Physics experiments for students not majoring in physics may have little meaning for those students and appear to them unconnected in any way to their majors. This affects student engagement and influences the extent to which they regard their experiences in the physics laboratory as positive. We apply a framework for the development and evaluation...

Silaev, M. A. Volovik, G. E.

Many quantum condensed matter systems are strongly correlated and strongly interacting fermionic systems, which cannot be treated perturbatively. However, topology allows us to determine generic features of their fermionic spectrum, which are robust to perturbation and interaction. We discuss the nodeless 3D system, such as superfluid $^3$He-B, vac...

Solodukhin, Sergey N.

We propose that the logarithmic term in the entanglement entropy computed in a conformal field theory for a $(d-2)$-dimensional round sphere in Minkowski spacetime is identical to the logarithmic term in the entanglement entropy of extreme black hole. The near-horizon geometry of the latter is $H_2\times S_{d-2}$. For a scalar field this proposal i...

Calabrese, Pasquale Cardy, John Peschel, Ingo

We consider the Renyi entropies S_n in one-dimensional massive integrable models diagonalizable by means of corner transfer matrices (as Heisenberg and Ising spin chains). By means of explicit examples and using the relation of corner transfer matrix with the Virasoro algebra, we show that close to a conformal invariant critical point, when the cor...

Ooguri, Hirosi Park, Chang-Soon

In the previous paper [arXiv:0911.0679], we showed that the Reissner-Nordstrom black hole in the 5-dimensional anti-de Sitter space coupled to the Maxwell theory with the Chern-Simons term is unstable when the Chern-Simons coupling is sufficiently large. In the dual conformal field theory, the instability suggests a spatially modulated phase transi...

Cheon, Taksu

We show that it is possible to define shape-independent three-dimensional short-range quantum interactions in two parameter form for non-spherical angular momentum channels through double rescaling of potential strength. Unlike the special case of $l=0$, where the zero range limit of the system is renormalizable, the effective ranges diverge for $l...

Cheon, Taksu Turek, Ondrej

We examine scale invariant Fulop-Tsutsui couplings in a quantum vertex of a general degree $n$. We demonstrate that essentially same scattering amplitudes as for the free coupling can be achieved for two $(n-1)$-parameter Fulop-Tsutsui subfamilies if $n$ is odd, and for three $(n-1)$-parameter Fulop-Tsutsui subfamilies if $n$ is even. We also work ...

Okon, Elias Callender, Craig

With an eye on developing a quantum theory of gravity, many physicists have recently searched for quantum challenges to the equivalence principle of general relativity. However, as historians and philosophers of science are well aware, the principle of equivalence is not so clear. When clarified, we think quantum tests of the equivalence principle ...