Mufti, Z Nadeem, M Ahmad, Ali Ahmad, Z

Let G = (V, E) be a connected graph, let x ∈ V (G) be a vertex and e = yz ∈ E(G) be an edge. The distance between the vertex x and the edge e is given by d G (x, e) = min{d G (x, y), d G (x, z)}. A vertex t ∈ V (G) distinguishes two edges e, f ∈ E(G) if d G (t, e) = d G (t, f). A set R ⊆ V (G) is an edge metric generator for G if every two edges of...

Mufti, Z Nadeem, M Ahmad, Ali Ahmad, Z

Let G = (V, E) be a connected graph, let x ∈ V (G) be a vertex and e = yz ∈ E(G) be an edge. The distance between the vertex x and the edge e is given by d G (x, e) = min{d G (x, y), d G (x, z)}. A vertex t ∈ V (G) distinguishes two edges e, f ∈ E(G) if d G (t, e) = d G (t, f). A set R ⊆ V (G) is an edge metric generator for G if every two edges of...

Mufti, Z Nadeem, M Ahmad, Ali Ahmad, Z

Let G = (V, E) be a connected graph, let x ∈ V (G) be a vertex and e = yz ∈ E(G) be an edge. The distance between the vertex x and the edge e is given by d G (x, e) = min{d G (x, y), d G (x, z)}. A vertex t ∈ V (G) distinguishes two edges e, f ∈ E(G) if d G (t, e) = d G (t, f). A set R ⊆ V (G) is an edge metric generator for G if every two edges of...

Mufti, Z Nadeem, M Ahmad, Ali Ahmad, Z

Let G = (V, E) be a connected graph, let x ∈ V (G) be a vertex and e = yz ∈ E(G) be an edge. The distance between the vertex x and the edge e is given by d G (x, e) = min{d G (x, y), d G (x, z)}. A vertex t ∈ V (G) distinguishes two edges e, f ∈ E(G) if d G (t, e) = d G (t, f). A set R ⊆ V (G) is an edge metric generator for G if every two edges of...

Mufti, Z Nadeem, M Ahmad, Ali Ahmad, Z

Let G = (V, E) be a connected graph, let x ∈ V (G) be a vertex and e = yz ∈ E(G) be an edge. The distance between the vertex x and the edge e is given by d G (x, e) = min{d G (x, y), d G (x, z)}. A vertex t ∈ V (G) distinguishes two edges e, f ∈ E(G) if d G (t, e) = d G (t, f). A set R ⊆ V (G) is an edge metric generator for G if every two edges of...

Mufti, Z Nadeem, M Ahmad, Ali Ahmad, Z

Let G = (V, E) be a connected graph, let x ∈ V (G) be a vertex and e = yz ∈ E(G) be an edge. The distance between the vertex x and the edge e is given by d G (x, e) = min{d G (x, y), d G (x, z)}. A vertex t ∈ V (G) distinguishes two edges e, f ∈ E(G) if d G (t, e) = d G (t, f). A set R ⊆ V (G) is an edge metric generator for G if every two edges of...

Mufti, Z Nadeem, M Ahmad, Ali Ahmad, Z

Let G = (V, E) be a connected graph, let x ∈ V (G) be a vertex and e = yz ∈ E(G) be an edge. The distance between the vertex x and the edge e is given by d G (x, e) = min{d G (x, y), d G (x, z)}. A vertex t ∈ V (G) distinguishes two edges e, f ∈ E(G) if d G (t, e) = d G (t, f). A set R ⊆ V (G) is an edge metric generator for G if every two edges of...

Mufti, Z Nadeem, M Ahmad, Ali Ahmad, Z

Let G = (V, E) be a connected graph, let x ∈ V (G) be a vertex and e = yz ∈ E(G) be an edge. The distance between the vertex x and the edge e is given by d G (x, e) = min{d G (x, y), d G (x, z)}. A vertex t ∈ V (G) distinguishes two edges e, f ∈ E(G) if d G (t, e) = d G (t, f). A set R ⊆ V (G) is an edge metric generator for G if every two edges of...

Mufti, Z Nadeem, M Ahmad, Ali Ahmad, Z

Let G = (V, E) be a connected graph, let x ∈ V (G) be a vertex and e = yz ∈ E(G) be an edge. The distance between the vertex x and the edge e is given by d G (x, e) = min{d G (x, y), d G (x, z)}. A vertex t ∈ V (G) distinguishes two edges e, f ∈ E(G) if d G (t, e) = d G (t, f). A set R ⊆ V (G) is an edge metric generator for G if every two edges of...

Caucal, Didier

We present simple graph-theoretic characterizations of Cayley graphs for left-cancellative monoids, groups, left-quasigroups and quasigroups. We show that these characterizations are effective for the end-regular graphs of finite degree.