Tsoupas, Nicholaos Berg, Joseph S. Brooks, Stephen Méot, François Ptitsyn, Vadim Trbojevic, Dejan Machida, Shinji

An algorithm is presented to calculate the field components of the magnetic field [Bx(x,y,z),By(x,y,z),Bz(x,y,z)] at a point ( x,y,z ) in space, from the knowledge of the components [Bx(x,y=0,z),By(x,y=0,z),Bz(x,y=0,z)] on a “reference plane”, which is normal to the y -axis at y=0 . The algorithm, which is a general one and is not restricted to fie...

Takezaki, Taichi Kakinuma, Keita Shikuma, Yoshiki Takahashi, Kazumasa Sasaki, Toru Kikuchi, Takashi Harada, Nob.

We have numerically investigated the behavior of one-dimensional fast plasma flow in a perpendicular magnetic field for understanding the particle acceleration mechanisms of collisionless shocks in the non-relativistic region. Electromagnetic hybrid particle-in-cell simulation was performed for simulating pulsed-power-driven fast plasma flow. Numer...

Schönenberger, Norbert Mittelbach, Anna Yousefi, Peyman Niedermayer, Uwe Hommelhoff, Peter

Dielectric laser acceleration is a versatile scheme to accelerate and control electrons with the help of femtosecond laser pulses in nanophotonic structures. We demonstrate here the generation of a train of electron pulses with individual pulse durations as short as $270\pm80$ attoseconds(FWHM), measured in an indirect fashion, based on two subsequ...

Farchmin, Nando Hammerschmidt, Martin Schneider, Philipp-Immanuel Wurm, Matthias Bodermann, Bernd Bär, Markus Heidenreich, Sebastian

Scatterometry is a fast, indirect and nondestructive optical method for the quality control in the production of lithography masks. Geometry parameters of line gratings are obtained from diffracted light intensities by solving an inverse problem. To comply with the upcoming need for improved accuracy and precision and thus for the reduction of unce...

Wang, Faya Song, Minghao Edelen, Auralee Huang, Xiaobiao

A novel approach to expedite design optimization of nonlinear beam dynamics in storage rings is proposed and demonstrated in this study. At each iteration, a neural network surrogate model is used to suggest new trial solutions in a multi-objective optimization task. The surrogate model is then updated with the new solutions, and this process is re...

Voutsinas, Georgios Perez, Emmanuel Dam, Mogens Janot, Patrick
Published in
Journal of High Energy Physics

The first part of the physics programme of the integrated FCC (Future Circular Colliders) proposal includes measurements of Standard Model processes in e+e− collisions (FCC-ee) with an unprecedented precision. In particular, the potential precision of the Z lineshape determination calls for a very precise measurement of the absolute luminosity, at ...

Voutsinas, Georgios Perez, Emmanuel Dam, Mogens Janot, Patrick

In $e^+ e^-$ collisions, electromagnetic effects caused by large charge density bunches modify the effective acceptance of the luminometer system of the experiments. These effects consequently bias the luminosity measurement from the rate of low-angle Bhabha interactions $e^+ e^- \to e^+ e^- $. Surprisingly enough, the magnitude of this bias is fou...

Blaskiewicz, Michael

The plasma cascade instability (PCI) is a proposed mechanism for microbunching in electron beams without dipole magnets. Existing theory is limited to wave propagation that is orthogonal to the advective compression direction. This work provides a theory allowing for wave propagation in arbitrary directions.

Pukhov, Alexander Farmer, John P.

The attainable transformer ratio in plasma accelerators is limited by instabilities. Using three-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations, we demonstrate that these can be controlled using a hollow plasma channel with a co-axial plasma filament. The driver scatters electrons from the filament, and the slow pinch of the ions leads to a strong chirp ...

Korol, Andrei V. Solov'yov, Andrey V.

We discuss design and practical realization of novel gamma-ray Crystal-based Light Sources (CLS) that can be constructed through exposure of oriented crystals (linear, bent, periodically bent) to beams of ultrarelativistic charged particles. In an exemplary case study, we estimate brilliance of radiation emitted in a Crystalline Undulator (CU) LS b...