Journal of Mammary Gland Biology and Neoplasia
Tumor organoids mimic the architecture and heterogeneity of in vivo tumors and enable studies of collective interactions between tumor cells as well as with their surrounding microenvironment. Although tumor organoids hold significant promise as cancer models, they are also more costly and labor-intensive to cultivate than traditional 2D cell cultu...
• Mature cerebral organoids were generated in ECM-free conditions. • 3D printing techniques produced microtopography, dependent on printing modality. • Surface coating was shown to influence organoid formation, with mPEG performing best. • Curved geometry produced larger lumens and thicker neuronal layers in organoids.
Journal of Tissue Engineering
Recently, researchers have focused on the role of gut microbiota on human health and reported the existence of a bidirectional relationship between intestinal microbiota and the brain, referred to as microbiota-gut-brain axis (MGBA). In this context, the development of an organ-on-a-chip platform recapitulating the main players of the MGBA would he...
Journal of molecular medicine (Berlin, Germany)
Organoid technology has rapidly transformed basic biomedical research and contributed to significant discoveries in the last decade. With the application of protocols to generate organoids from cancer tissue, organoid technology has opened up new opportunities for cancer research and therapy. Using organoid cultures derived from healthy tissues, di...
Cepharanthine (CEP) is a bis-bynzelisoquinoline alkaloid from the same class as the anticancer agent tetrandrine (TET). However, the effects of CEP against breast cancer have not been extensively studied, despite its long therapeutic history with low toxicity against other types of cancer. 3D culture systems more accurately mimic the human body and...
Frontiers in Neuroscience
Studies aimed at neurological drug discovery have been carried out both in vitro and in vivo . In vitro cell culture models have showed potential as drug testing platforms characterized by high throughput, low cost, good reproducibility and ease of handling and observation. However, in vitro neuronal culture models are facing challenges in replicat...
Current osteoporosis reports
The aim of this review was to compile a list of tools currently available to study bone cells and in particular osteocytes. As the interest (and importance) in osteocyte biology has greatly expanded over the past decade, new tools and techniques have become available to study these elusive cells, RECENT FINDINGS: Osteocytes are the main orchestrato...
This paper reviews the usefulness, current status, and potential of primary human hepatocytes (PHHs) in three-dimensional (3D) cultures, also known as spheroids, in the field of pharmacokinetics (PK). Predicting PK and toxicity means pharmaceutical research can be conducted more efficiently. Various in vitro test systems using human hepatocytes hav...
Frontiers in Endocrinology
New treatments for obesity and associated metabolic disease are increasingly warranted with the growth of the obesity pandemic. Brown adipose tissue (BAT) may represent a promising therapeutic target to treat obesity, as this tissue has been shown to regulate energy expenditure through non-shivering thermogenesis. Three different strategies could b...
Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have recently been considered a promising alternative treatment for diverse immune disorders due to their unique biomedical potentials including the immunomodulatory property and ability to promote tissue regeneration. However, despite many years of pre-clinical studies in the research field, results from clinical tria...