We show how to cast an interacting system of M‐branes into manifestly gauge‐invariant form using an arrangement of higher‐dimensional Dirac surfaces. Classical M‐theory has a cohomologically nontrivial and noncommutative set of gauge symmetries when written using a “doubled” formalism containing 3‐form and 6‐form gauge fields. We show how the arran...

Maragakis, PaulBarnett, Ryan LeeKaxiras, EfthimiosElstner, MarcusFrauenheim, Thomas

Minuscule molecular forces can transform DNA into a structure that is elongated by more than half its original length. We demonstrate that this pronounced conformational transition is of relevance to ongoing experimental and theoretical efforts to characterize the conducting properties of DNA wires. We present quantum mechanical calculations for ac...

We cast M-brane interactions including intersecting membranes and five-branes in manifestly gauge invariant form using an arrangement of higher dimensional Dirac surfaces. We show that the noncommutative gauge symmetry present in the doubled M-theory formalism involving dual 3-form and 6-form gauge fields is preserved in a form quantised over the i...

All purely bosonic supersymmetric solutions of minimal supergravity in five dimensions are classified. The solutions preserve either one half or all of the supersymmetry. Explicit examples of new solutions are given, including a large family of plane-fronted waves and a maximally supersymmetric analogue of the Gödel universe which lifts to a soluti...

Supersymmetry of the Wess–Zumino (N = 1, D = 4) multiplet allows field equations that determine a larger class of geometries than the familiar Kähler manifolds, in which covariantly holomorphic vectors rather than a scalar superpotential determine the forces. Indeed, relaxing the requirement that the field equations be derivable from an action lead...

The Craik–Criminale class of exact solutions is examined for a nonlinear-reactive fluids theory that includes a family of turbulence closure models. These may be formally regarded as either large eddy simulation or Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes models of turbulence. All of the turbulence closure models in the class under investigation preserve th...

We consider the wide class of systems modeled by an integrable approximation to the 3 degrees of freedom elastic pendulum with 1∶1∶2 resonance, or the swing-spring. This approximation has monodromy which prohibits the existence of global action-angle variables and complicates the dynamics. We study the quantum swing-spring formed by bending and sym...

Bollenbach, T.Kruse, K.Pantazis, P.González-Gaitán, M.Jülicher, F.

We discuss the formation of graded morphogen profiles in a cell layer by nonlinear transport phenomena, important for patterning developing organisms. We focus on a process termed transcytosis, where morphogen transport results from binding of ligands to receptors on the cell surface, incorporation into the cell and subsequent externalization. Star...