Questionnaire-defined OSA risk and historical diagnosis were each associated with persistent daytime asthma symptoms, to an extent that matched or exceeded associations with nighttime asthma symptoms. Unrecognized OSA may be a reason for persistent asthma symptoms during the day as well as the night.
Asthma prevalence in Philadelphia: description of two community-based methodologies to assess asthma prevalence in an in...
Both methods were able to successfully identify children with asthma in hard-to-reach populations. These methods can easily be replicated in other cities and the results can be used to inform programs, services, and policy developments.
The decreased CD4+CD25+ FoxP3+ T cells in nonstimulated allergic rhinitis patients sensitized to house dust mites.
Our findings indicate that decrease in CD4(+)CD25(+)FoxP3(+) T cell fraction and diminished levels of IL-10 are noteworthy without allergen stimulation in house dust mite AR patients.
Eucapnic voluntary hyperventilation is superior to methacholine challenge testing for detecting airway hyperreactivity i...
EVH has not been compared with MCCT in nonathletes without a diagnosis of asthma. Our study shows that the two tests are complementary in this population, but EVH is positive more often.
The efficacy and tolerability of intravenous montelukast in acute asthma exacerbations in Japanese patients.
IV montelukast was significantly more effective than placebo in the improvement of ΔFEV(1) in Japanese patients, suggesting its role as an adjunctive therapy to existing guideline recommendations.
The utility of forced expiratory flow between 25% and 75% of vital capacity in predicting childhood asthma morbidity and...
A low FEF(25-75) in the setting of a normal FEV(1) is associated with increased asthma severity, systemic steroid use, and asthma exacerbations in children. In addition, using the percent change in FEF(25-75) from baseline may be helpful in identifying BDR in asthmatic children with a normal FEV(1).
An asthma self-management program using peer leaders can potentially yield health-care cost savings through the reduction in acute office visits in comparison to a traditional program led by health-care professionals.
The reliability and patient acceptability of the SmartTrack device: a new electronic monitor and reminder device for met...
The ST has acceptable reliability and utility comparable to other electronic monitoring devices. Its remote data upload capability, reminder functions for missed doses, and graphical display of medication use for patient- and physician-feedback are useful additional features.
Patients presenting to the ED for asthma reported multiple triggers spanning diverse classes of precipitants and having more triggers was associated with worse clinical status. ED patients should be instructed that although it may not be possible to eliminate all triggers, mitigating even some triggers can be helpful.
Prevalence of asthma symptoms and associated factors in schoolchildren from Brazilian Amazon islands.
The prevalence of asthma symptoms was higher in those with a lifestyle closer to that observed in urban areas (i.e., better sanitation and hygiene), reinforcing the protective effect of a rural environment. Different risk factors were associated with asthma symptoms in schoolchildren living on OI and on CBI. This fact may reflect the environmental ...