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ZnS shielded ZnO nanowire photoanodes for efficient water splitting

Authors
  • Kushwaha, Ajay
  • Aslam, Mohammed
Type
Published Article
Journal
Electrochimica Acta
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2014
Accepted Date
Mar 07, 2014
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2014.03.008
Source
Elsevier
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

A chemical conversion of zinc oxide to zinc sulfide is adapted to create ZnS shell over single crystalline ZnO nanowire. Appearance of an additional peak in x-ray diffraction corresponds to ZnS and strong S 2p3/2 and S 2p1/2 peaks in x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy due to Zn-S bonding indicates high quality ZnS shell growth. Reduction in visible light transmittance (approx 15%) is observed in ZnO-ZnS core-shell nanowires which renders higher light absorption. Suppression of defect emission in core-shell nanowires indicates a reduction in surface defects and chemically adsorbed oxygen species. The core-shell geometry also results in an order of increment in charge carrier density (5.3×1018cm−3 to 2.8×1019cm−3), i.e. results in an improvement of electrical conductivity and photoelectrochemical performance. Electrochemical solar to hydrogen conversion efficiency is increased to more than double (from 0.15% to 0.38%) due to an improvement in photo-charge carrier separation and collection properties. In comparison to pristine ZnO, photocurrent for ZnO-ZnS core-shell remains same without noticeable fluctuation for few hours, which indicates the ZnS functionalization adds stability to unstable ZnO photoanode. Higher conduction band position of ZnS enhances open circuit photovoltage and reduces photo carrier recombination rate leads to enhancement in photo carrier life time.

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