Objective: ZNF750, a transcriptional regulator of epidermal differentiation, has been identified as a tumor suppressor in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). The aim of the present study was to investigate the clinical and prognostic significance of ZNF750 expression and to evaluate the effect of ZNF750 knockdown on cell proliferation, migration, and invasion in ESCC. Methods: A total of 124 patients with ESCC who underwent curative esophagectomy were evaluated in this study. The expression of ZNF750 in surgical specimens was immunohistochemically assessed and used in the analysis of clinicopathological features and overall survival (OS). The molecular role of ZNF750 was investigated by ZNF750 knockdown using small interfering RNA (siRNA) in ESCC cell lines. Results: Low ZNF750 expression had a significant correlation with positive lymph node metastasis (p = 0.028). Furthermore, there was a significant relationship between low expression of ZNF750 in ESCC and a poor OS, and a multivariate analysis showed that low ZNF750 expression was an independent prognostic factor (p = 0.020). The cell growth, migration, and invasion were significantly increased by downregulation of ZNF750. Conclusions: The low expression of ZNF750 was significantly associated with a poor prognosis, and ZNF750 expression may, therefore, be a reliable prognostic biomarker in ESCC.