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Zinc oxide nanoparticles effectively regulate autophagic cell death by activating autophagosome formation and interfering with their maturation

Authors
  • Liu, Zixuan1
  • Lv, Xuying1
  • Xu, Lei1
  • Liu, Xuting1
  • Zhu, Xiangyu1
  • Song, Erqun1
  • Song, Yang1
  • 1 Southwest University, Beibei, Chongqing, 400715, People’s Republic of China , Chongqing (China)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Particle and Fibre Toxicology
Publisher
BioMed Central
Publication Date
Sep 18, 2020
Volume
17
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1186/s12989-020-00379-7
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

BackgroundWith the development of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) in the field of nanotechnology, their toxicological effects are attracting increasing attention, and the mechanisms for ZnO NPs neurotoxicity remain obscure. In an attempt to address concerns regarding neurotoxicity of ZnO NPs, we explored the relationship between free zinc ions, reactive oxygen species (ROS) and neurotoxic mechanisms in ZnO NPs-exposed PC12 cells.ResultThis study demonstrated the requirement of free zinc ions shed by ZnO NPs to over generation of intracellular ROS. Next, we identified autophagic cell death was the major mode of cell death induced by ZnO NPs, and autophagosome accumulation resulted from not only induction of autophagy, but also blockade of autophagy flux. We concluded that autophagic cell death, resulting from zinc ions-ROS-c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK)-autophagy positive feedback loop and blockade of autophagosomal-lysosomal fusion, played a major role in the neurotoxicity of ZnO NPs.ConclusionOur study contributes to a better understanding of the neurotoxicity of ZnO NPs and might be useful for designing and developing new biosafety nanoparticles in the future.

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