Affordable Access

Access to the full text

Youth exposure to violence involving a gun: evidence for adverse childhood experience classification

Authors
  • Rajan, Sonali
  • Branas, Charles C.
  • Myers, Dawn
  • Agrawal, Nina
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Publisher
Springer US
Publication Date
Aug 01, 2019
Volume
42
Issue
4
Pages
646–657
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s10865-019-00053-0
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have historically included child maltreatment, household dysfunction, and other critical issues known to impact children negatively. Although youth experiences with violence are broadly captured in some ACE measures, youth exposure to violence involving a gun has not been included specifically in the operationalizing, and therefore scientific study, of ACEs. There are numerous implications of this omission, including limiting access to ACE interventions that are currently available and resources for individuals who have been exposed to gun violence. Thus, and given the persistent prevalence of gun violence in the US, we conducted a systematic review of the literature over the past two decades on the assessment of and response to ACEs and gun violence. Eighty-one journal articles across four search engines met our inclusion criteria. Our findings provide evidence that youth gun violence exposure should be classified as an ACE. In addition to increasing access to resources for youth affected by gun violence, these findings may improve the likelihood of funding and research into gun violence, with direct implications for prevention and intervention efforts.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times