Specialty preferences were explored in relation to personality, sex, and examination performance of recent graduates at Edinburgh. Potential surgeons were almost exclusively male, and were not academically outstanding. They were more decided about their future career than any other group, and they were relatively low in anxiety level.Many of the future hospital specialists (excluding surgeons) were women. They were the group least decided about their careers. Potential general practitioners tended to be more anxious in personality. They had failed more professional examinations than any other group. They read less than other groups, the few women among them being particularly non-studious.Women doctors in general were less anxious, more impulsive and sociable, and less studious than the men. The impulsive and sociable doctors of either sex were less decided about their career plans than their relatively unsociable colleagues.