Affordable Access

Publisher Website

Year-round dengue fever in Pakistan, highlighting the surge amidst ongoing flood havoc and the COVID-19 pandemic: a comprehensive review

Authors
  • Tabassum, Shehroze1
  • Naeem, Aroma1
  • Nazir, Abubakar1
  • Naeem, Farhan1
  • Gill, Saima1
  • Tabassum, Shehram2
  • 1 King Edward Medical University, Lahore
  • 2 Faisalabad Medical University, Faisalabad, Pakistan
Type
Published Article
Journal
Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Publisher
Elsevier BV
Publication Date
Apr 10, 2023
Volume
85
Issue
4
Pages
908–912
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1097/MS9.0000000000000418
PMID: 37113909
PMCID: PMC10129218
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Review Articles
License
Unknown

Abstract

Dengue fever (DF) is an arthropod-borne viral infection caused by four serotypes of dengue virus (DENV 1–4) transmitted to the host by the vector mosquito Aedes , which causes fever, vomiting, headache, joint pain, muscle pain, and a distinctive itching and skin rash, ultimately leading to dengue hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome. The first case of DF in Pakistan was documented in 1994, but outbreak patterns began in 2005. As of 20 August 2022, Pakistan has 875 confirmed cases, raising alarming concerns. Misdiagnosis due to mutual symptoms, lack of an effective vaccine, the weakened and overburdened health system of Pakistan, irrational urbanization, climate change in Pakistan, insufficient waste management system, and a lack of awareness are the significant challenges Pakistan faces and result in recurrent dengue outbreaks every year. The recent flood in Pakistan has caused massive destruction, and stagnant dirty water has facilitated mosquito breeding. Sanitization and spraying, proper waste management, an adequate and advanced diagnostic system, control of population size, public awareness, and promotion of medical research and global collaboration, especially amidst flood devastation, are recommended to combat this deadly infection in Pakistan. This article aims to comprehensively review the year-round DF in Pakistan, highlighting the surge amidst ongoing flood havoc and the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times