A xenogeneic collagen matrix recently has been suggested as an alternative to connective tissue graft for the treatment of gingival recession. The matrix avoids the second surgical site, and as a consequence could decrease surgical morbidity. This new matrix was used in various clinical situations and compared to connective tissue graft (CTG) in a split-mouth design case series. A total of 17 recessions were treated with a coronally advanced flap, 9 with CTG, and 8 with the matrix. Mean recession reduction was 2.00 mm with the CTG and 2.00 mm with the matrix. No significant statistical differences between the techniques were observed in this case report.