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XAS characterization of end-on and side-on peroxoiron(III) complexes of the neutral pentadentate N-donor ligand N-methyl-N,N ',N '-tris(2-pyridylmethyl)ethane-1,2-diamine

  • Koehntop, KD
  • Rohde, Jan-Uwe
  • Costas, M
  • Que, L
Publication Date
Sep 01, 2004
[email protected]
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Peroxo intermediates are implicated in the catalytic cycles of iron enzymes involved in dioxygen metabolism. X-ray absorption spectroscopy has been used to gain insight into the iron coordination environments of the low-spin complex [Fe-III(Me-TPEN)(eta(1)-OOH)](2+) (1) and the high-spin complex [Fe-III(Me-TPEN)(eta(2)-O-2)](+) (2) ( the neutral pentadentate N-donor ligand Me-TPEN=N-methyl-N,N',N'-tris(2-pyridylmethyl) ethane-1,2-diamine) and obtain metrical parameters unavailable from X-ray crystallography. The complexes exhibit relatively large pre-edge peak areas of approximately 15 units, indicative of iron centers with significant distortions from centrosymmetry. These distortions result from the binding of peroxide, either end-on hydroperoxo for 1 (r(Fe-O)=1.81 Angstrom) or side-on peroxo for 2 (r(Fe-O)=1.99 Angstrom). The XAS analyses of 1 strongly support a six-coordinate low-spin iron(III) center coordinated to five nitrogen atoms from Me-TPEN and one oxygen atom from an end-on hydroperoxide ligand. However, the XAS analyses of 2 are not conclusive: Me-TPEN can act either as a pentadentate ligand to form a seven-coordinate peroxo complex, which has precedence in the DFT geometry optimization of [Fe-III(N4Py)(eta(2)-O-2)](+) (the neutral pentadentate N-donor ligand N4Py=N,N-bis(2-pyridylmethyl)-N-bis(2-pyridyl) methylamine), or as a tetradentate ligand with a dangling pyridylmethyl arm to form a six-coordinate peroxo complex, which is precedented by the crystal structure of [Fe-2(III)(Me-TPEN)(2)(Cl)(2)(mu-O)](2+) / close / 16

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