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The World Coral Conservatory (WCC): A Noah's ark for corals to support survival of reef ecosystems.

Authors
  • Zoccola, Didier1
  • Ounais, Nadia2
  • Barthelemy, Dominique3
  • Calcagno, Robert2
  • Gaill, Françoise4
  • Henard, Stephane5
  • Hoegh-Guldberg, Ove6
  • Janse, Max7
  • Jaubert, Jean8
  • Putnam, Hollie9
  • Salvat, Bernard10
  • Voolstra, Christian R11
  • Allemand, Denis1
  • 1 Centre Scientifique de Monaco, Monaco. , (Monaco)
  • 2 Institut océanographique, Fondation Albert Ier de Monaco, Monaco. , (Monaco)
  • 3 Océanopolis, Brest, France. , (France)
  • 4 CNRS INEE, Paris, France. , (France)
  • 5 NAUSICAA, Centre National de la Mer, Boulogne sur mer, France. , (France)
  • 6 Coral Reef Ecosystems Laboratory, School of Biological Sciences, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Australia. , (Australia)
  • 7 Royal Burgers' Zoo, Arnhem, The Netherlands. , (Netherlands)
  • 8 Bio-Eco Sciences & Technologies, Nice, France. , (France)
  • 9 Department of Biological Sciences, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, Rhode Island, United States of America. , (United States)
  • 10 Université de Perpignan, CRIOBE Moorea, USR 3278 EPHE-CNRS-UPVD, Moorea, French Polynesia. , (French Polynesia)
  • 11 Department of Biology, University of Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany. , (Germany)
Type
Published Article
Journal
PLoS Biology
Publisher
Public Library of Science
Publication Date
Sep 01, 2020
Volume
18
Issue
9
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.3000823
PMID: 32925901
Source
Medline
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Global change causes widespread decline of coral reefs. In order to counter the anticipated disappearance of coral reefs by the end of this century, many initiatives are emerging, including creation of marine protected areas (MPAs), reef restoration projects, and assisted evolution initiatives. Such efforts, although critically important, are locally constrained. We propose to build a "Noah's Ark" biological repository for corals that taps into the network of the world's public aquaria and coral reef scientists. Public aquaria will serve not only as a reservoir for the purpose of conservation, restoration, and research of reef-building corals but also as a laboratory for the implementation of operations for the selection of stress-resilient and resistant genotypes. The proposed project will provide a global dimension to coral reef education and protection as a result of the involvement of a network of public and private aquaria.

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