According to the UN Population Fund (UNFPA), global sex discrimination is responsible for the death of millions of women and children and increases the spread of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). It is noted that poor maternal health care and abortion services contribute to the high maternal and neonatal mortality rate. In view of this, Josef Decosas of the Southern African AIDS Training Programme, Harare, Zimbabwe, suggests that better and more women-centered reproductive health services would be effective in reducing genital tract infections in women, most of which are not caused by STDs but rather by an inadequate and inappropriate STD control strategy. Moreover, he suggest that a more and better-quality perinatal care built on a foundation of adequate sexual and reproductive health care is needed to prevent and decrease HIV vertical transmission. On the other hand, Tony Klouda, technical advisor on reproductive health in Africa for Care International questions the value of the report of UNFPA. He stated that the conditions in many African countries reveal the insubstantial nature of the report, and the emptiness of its rhetoric concerning rights, gender, society, and services.