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Wide hybridization between Brazilian soybean cultivars and wild perennial relatives.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
TAG. Theoretical and applied genetics. Theoretische und angewandte Genetik
Publication Date
Volume
93
Issue
5-6
Pages
703–709
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/BF00224065
PMID: 24162397
Source
Medline

Abstract

Employing a different culture strategy, we obtained a greatly improved frequency of embryo rescue in intersubgeneric soybean hybrids. Successful crosses were obtained in 31 different genotype combinations between nine Brazilian soybean lines as the female parents and 12 accessions from Glycine canescens, G. microphylla, G. tabacina and G. tomentella. The hybrid pod retention rate dropped to about 10% during the first 8 days after pollination and stayed largely unchanged up to the 20th day. Immature harvested seeds fell into three size groups: Group 1, smaller than 1.3 mm (mostly empty seed coats); Group 2, 1.9-5.0 mm; Group 3, larger than 5 mm (from selfing). A total of 90 putative hybrid embryos were rescued using a highly enriched B5 medium to nourish the newly dissected embryos. The growing embryos were then placed in a high osmotic, modified B5 medium to induce maturation and dormancy. Schenk and Hildebrandt medium was used to germinate the dormant, partially dehydrated, physiologically mature embryos. Approximately 37% of the rescued embryos developed into plantlets in vitro, and approximately 8% grew into mature plants in the greenhouse. Morphological, cytological and isoenzyme patterns confirmed the hybrid status of all seven mature plants, all of which were generated using G. tomentella G 9943 as the paternal parent. It was observed that all soybean lines crossed with G 9943 were capable of producing mature hybrid plants. There was no correlation between the initial size of Group 2 seeds and plant survival rate. The hybrids were cloned by grafting and treated with colchicine. One of the treated plants displayed chromosome doubling.

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