Why are There STILL No Gay Professional Association Football Players in Men's Major Leagues? Revisiting the Views of Football Fans in the United Kingdom.
Department of Social Sciences, Aston University, Birmingham, UK.
Department of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.
Department of Sport and Recreation, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia.
- Published Article
Journal of homosexuality
- Publication Date
Jul 03, 2023
In a survey of 3,500 association football fans conducted by members of the research team over a decade ago, most participants predicted that at least one gay football player would feel comfortable enough to disclose their sexuality publicly by 2014, and that many other players would follow this lead in the following years. Ten years on, gay players can be found in all major sports, but association football remains an outlier. Using an anonymous online survey, we invited football fans to advance their own views on why events have not transpired as expected. A sample of 2663 participants revealed: (a) 95% would welcome openly gay players, meaning by implication, football culture is a more gay-friendly environment than wider society; (b) Participants attributed the continued silence of gay players to football's gatekeepers e.g., agents, managers, and owners; (c) Paradoxically, homophobic language is used by fans but is not considered malicious.
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From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
This record was last updated on 05/18/2023 and may not reflect the most current and accurate biomedical/scientific data available from NLM.
The corresponding record at NLM can be accessed at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35156908