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Who is keeping the peace and who is free-riding? NATO middle powers and Burden Sharing, 1995–2001

Authors
  • Zyla, Benjamin1
  • 1 School of International Development and Global Studies, University of Ottawa, 120 University, Ottawa, Ontario, K1N 6N5, Canada , Ottawa (Canada)
Type
Published Article
Journal
International Politics
Publisher
Palgrave Macmillan UK
Publication Date
Apr 25, 2016
Volume
53
Issue
3
Pages
303–323
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1057/ip.2016.2
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
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Abstract

The objective of this article is to test the free-riding hypothesis submitted by collective action theorists, and to ask the following research questions: What slice of the military burden did middle powers share in NATO’s first out-of-area operations in the Balkans between 1995 and2001? And what, if anything, can we infer from this? We concentrate on NATO’s Implementation Force (IFOR), Stabilization Force (SFOR) and Kosovo Force (KFOR) operations and show that based on a so-called relative force share index middle powers shouldered a disproportionately high relative share in those peace operations. From this finding we draw a number of inferences for burden sharing studies and show avenues of future research.

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