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White-spotted flower chafer (Protaetia brevitarsis) ameliorates inflammatory responses in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages

Authors
  • Choi, Y.J.
  • Bae, I.Y.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Insects as Food and Feed
Publisher
Wageningen Academic Publishers
Publication Date
Jul 03, 2023
Volume
9
Issue
8
Pages
1037–1046
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3920/JIFF2022.0015
Source
Wageningen Academic Publishers
Keywords
Disciplines
  • RESEARCH ARTICLE
License
Unknown

Abstract

White-spotted flower chafer (Protaetia brevitarsis) is an edible insect and P. brevitarsis larvae are used in traditional Oriental medicine. However, the molecular mechanisms behind the anti-inflammatory action of P. brevitarsis larvae are unknown. We investigated the effects of P. brevitarsis larvae ethanol extract (PBLE) on the inflammatory response as well as the molecular mechanisms underpinning this effect in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages. PBLE effectively inhibited the synthesis of nitric oxide (NO) through inducible NO synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase 2 protein expression and 20 μM PBLE suppressed the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines, including interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-8, at a dose of. Further investigation of the mechanisms revealed that PBLE attenuated phosphorylation of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) inhibitor alpha (IκB-α) and NF-κB p65 and interfered selectively with extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)1/2 and p38 phosphorylation. These findings provide the first molecular basis that PBLE could be a potential candidate for attenuating proinflammatory NO induction via selective inhibition of the NF-κB, ERK, and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase signalling pathways. It is necessary to verify the anti-inflammatory action of PBLE and to ascertain the related mechanisms, both in in vivo models and in clinical studies, to enable the application of PBLE as a potential therapeutic agent for inflammatory diseases.

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