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White matter multi-resolution segmentation using fuzzy set theory

  • Delmonte, Alessandro
  • Mercier, Corentin
  • Pallud, Johan
  • Bloch, Isabelle
  • Gori, Pietro
Publication Date
Apr 08, 2019
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The neural architecture of the white matter of the brain, obtained using tractography algorithms, can be divided into different tracts. Their function is, in many cases, still an object of study and might be affected in some syndromes or conditions. Obtaining a reproducible and correct segmentation is therefore crucial both in clinics and in research. However, it is difficult to obtain due to the huge number of fibers and high inter-subject variability. In this paper, we propose to segment and recognize tracts by directly modeling their anatomical definitions, which are usually based on relationships between structures. Since these definitions are mainly qualitative, we propose to model their intrinsic vagueness using fuzzy spatial relations and combine them into a single quantitative score mapped to each fiber. To cope with the high redundancy of tractograms and ease interpretation , we also take advantage of a simplification scheme based on a multi-resolution representation. This allows for an interactive and real-time navigation through different levels of detail. We illustrate our method using the Human Connectome Project dataset and compare it to other well-known white matter segmentation techniques.

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