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Which renewable energy consumption is more efficient by fuzzy EDAS method based on PESTLE dimensions?

Authors
  • Demirtas, Ozgur1
  • Derindag, Omer Faruk2
  • Zarali, Fulya3
  • Ocal, Oguz4
  • Aslan, Alper5
  • 1 Turkey
  • 2 Inonu University,
  • 3 Develi Hüseyin Şahin Vocational School, Kayseri University, Kayseri, Turkey
  • 4 Faculty of Applied Sciences, Kayseri University, Kayseri, Turkey
  • 5 Erciyes University,
Type
Published Article
Journal
Environmental Science and Pollution Research
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Mar 09, 2021
Pages
1–14
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s11356-021-13310-0
PMID: 33687631
PMCID: PMC7941332
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

The facilities that energy delivers to social life and economic activities render it indispensable. Hence, it is equally critical that the energy cycle must have a sustainable structure. Therefore, it is an indisputable fact that developing and performing correct and consistent energy policies is vitally necessary. Energy consumption planning includes a continuous process to reassess existing and potential alternative energy approaches and strategies. The public and private decision-makers in charge of planning and managing energy consumption policies must adapt their strategies to novel and superior alternative resources according to sustainability and efficiency criteria. In this paper, the fuzzy EDAS method is used to address the best renewable energy consumption by taking political, economic, social, technological, legal, and environmental (PESTLE) dimensions into account. The analysis of the paper indicates the most efficient renewable energy consumption is sourced by geothermal, solar, wind, hydroelectricity, and biomass, respectively. By further investigation, it is concluded that the most optimum renewable energy consumption alternatives based on PESTLE dimensions are geothermal and solar energies.

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