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Where do we stand to oversee the coronaviruses in aqueous and aerosol environment? Characteristics of transmission and possible curb strategies.

  • Ji, Bin1, 2
  • Zhao, Yaqian1, 2, 3
  • Esteve-Núñez, Abraham4
  • Liu, Ranbin5
  • Yang, Yang6, 7
  • Nzihou, Ange8
  • Tai, Yiping6, 7
  • Wei, Ting1, 4
  • Shen, Cheng3, 9
  • Yang, Yan3
  • Ren, Baimimng3, 8, 10
  • Wang, Xingxing11
  • Wang, Ya'e12
  • 1 Department of Municipal and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Water Resources and Hydroelectric Engineering, Xi'an University of Technology, Xi'an 710048, PR China. , (China)
  • 2 State Key Laboratory of Eco-Hydraulics in Northwest Arid Region, Xi'an University of Technology, Xi'an 710048, PR China. , (China)
  • 3 Dooge Centre for Water Resources Research, School of Civil Engineering, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland. , (Ireland)
  • 4 Chemical Engineering Department, University of Alcalá, Madrid, Spain. , (Spain)
  • 5 Sino-Dutch R&D Centre for Future Wastewater Treatment Technologies/Beijing Advanced Innovation Center of Future Urban Design, Beijing University of Civil Engineering & Architecture, Beijing 100044, PR China. , (China)
  • 6 Institute of Hydrobiology, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, PR China. , (China)
  • 7 Engineering Research Center of Tropical and Subtropical Aquatic Ecological Engineering, Ministry of Education, Guangzhou, PR China. , (China)
  • 8 Université de Toulouse, IMT Mines Albi, RAPSODEE CNRS, UMR-5302, Jarlard, Albi 81013 Cedex 09, France. , (France)
  • 9 School of Environment and Natural Resources, Zhejiang University Sci. & Technol./Zhejiang Prov, Key Lab. of Recycling & Ecotreatment Waste, Hangzhou 310023, Zhejiang, PR China. , (China)
  • 10 School of Water and Environment, Chang'an University, Xi'an 710061, PR China. , (China)
  • 11 Xi'an Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Xi 'an 710021, PR China. , (China)
  • 12 School of Environmental and Municipal Engineering, Lanzhou Jiaotong University, Lanzhou 730070, PR China. , (China)
Published Article
Chemical Engineering Journal
Publication Date
Jun 01, 2021
DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2020.127522
PMID: 33132743


By 17 October 2020, the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) has caused confirmed infection of more than 39,000,000 people in 217 countries and territories globally and still continues to grow. As environmental professionals, understanding how SARS-CoV-2 can be transmitted via water and air environment is a concern. We have to be ready for focusing our attention to the prompt diagnosis and potential infection control procedures of the virus in integrated water and air system. This paper reviews the state-of-the-art information from available sources of published papers, newsletters and large number of scientific websites aimed to provide a comprehensive profile on the transmission characteristics of the coronaviruses in water, sludge, and air environment, especially the water and wastewater treatment systems. The review also focused on proposing the possible curb strategies to monitor and eventually cut off the coronaviruses under the authors' knowledge and understanding. © 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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