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What has comprehensive HIV/AIDS knowledge got to do with HIV testing among men in Kenya and Mozambique? Evidence from Demographic and Health Surveys.

Authors
  • Budu, Eugene1
  • Seidu, Abdul-Aziz1, 2, 3
  • Armah-Ansah, Ebenezer Kwesi1
  • Mohammed, Aliu4
  • Adu, Collins5
  • Ameyaw, Edward Kwabena6
  • Ahinkorah, Bright Opoku6
  • 1 Department of Population and Health, University of Cape Coast, Ghana. , (Ghana)
  • 2 College of Public Health, Medical and Veterinary Services, James Cook University, Australia. , (Australia)
  • 3 Department of Estate Management, Takoradi Technical University, Ghana. , (Ghana)
  • 4 Department of Health, Physical Education and Recreation, University of Cape Coast, Ghana. , (Ghana)
  • 5 Department of Health Promotion, Education and Disability Studies, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana. , (Ghana)
  • 6 School of Public Health, Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Australia. , (Australia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Biosocial Science
Publisher
Cambridge University Press
Publication Date
Jul 01, 2022
Volume
54
Issue
4
Pages
558–571
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1017/S0021932021000237
PMID: 34099074
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

People living with undiagnosed HIV are big contributors to the transmission of the virus. Although measures have been made to scale up HIV prevention and voluntary counselling and testing in sub-Saharan Africa, testing coverage remains low in many sub-Saharan African countries, including Mozambique and Kenya, where most people live with HIV/AIDS. Studies have shown that, in most countries in sub-Saharan Africa, men are less likely to test for HIV compared with women. This study examined the relationship between comprehensive HIV/AIDS knowledge and HIV testing among men in Kenya and Mozambique. Data were from the men's re-code file of the Demographic and Health Surveys of Mozambique and Kenya. Binary logistic regression models were generated and the results presented as crude odds ratios (cOR) and adjusted odds ratios (aOR). The prevalences of HIV testing in Kenya and Mozambique were 80.1% and 46.7%, respectively. Men in Mozambique who had comprehensive HIV/AIDS knowledge (aOR=1.26, CI: 1.07-1.47) were more likely to test for HIV compared with their counterparts who had no comprehensive HIV/AIDS knowledge. In Kenya, men who had comprehensive HIV/AIDS knowledge (aOR=1.23, CI: 1.09-1.39) were more likely to test for HIV compared with their counterparts who had no comprehensive HIV/AIDS knowledge. This study found a statistically strong significant association between comprehensive HIV/AIDS knowledge and HIV testing among men in Kenya and Mozambique. To improve HIV testing rate among men, it is important that interventions are geared towards improving men's comprehensive HIV/AIDS knowledge, perhaps by expanding HIV/AIDS education programmes and campaigns. This could improve HIV testing rates and ensure the realization of the global HIV/AIDS target of 95-95-95 by the year 2030.

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