Since the revolutionary victory in October, 1949, the history of China has been a progressive oscillation between distribution and growth oriented strategies. This trend will continue in the foreseeable future; just as the policies initiated by the Cultural Revolution ended, the present policies will end. The end of a trend should be viewed as the outcome of a Chinese view of development, consistent with Sinic civilization as a whole. The current phase of political development returns power to the old elite. The program includes the following: abolition of revolutionary committees; emphasis on heavy military technology; reintroduction of a classical university pattern; bigger factories and more specialization; and, a return to the solid power base for the administration in Beijing with no more forays into the communes for bureaucrats. The autonomy of the people's communes may be dissolved and replaced with old administrative units. More private land ownership may occur. The current phase will lead to increased growth and decreased distribution, both of power and of material goods. The dominant themes in Chinese thought, with its capacity for contradiction, are Buddhism, Confucianism, Daoism, and Westernism. The Chinese strategy of development is neither the distribution or growth phase but a zig-zag course including both directions.