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What development? a third world viewpoint.

Authors
  • Abdall, I S
Type
Published Article
Journal
International development review
Publication Date
Jan 01, 1980
Volume
22
Issue
2-3
Pages
13–22
Identifiers
PMID: 12336525
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Since developing countries began to change the inherited conditions of their economies, a positive value judgment has been attached to the term "development." The term should be demystified and made into a professional code name for change or evolution without any predetermined positive or negative content. The question of whether the development of a country is good or bad is dependent upon the form of measurement: the interests of those concerned and/or the ideological stand of the analyst. The primary characteristics of underdevelopment are distortion, extroversion and dependency, economic growth (measured in terms of GNP), and even some industrialization. These characteristics can be recorded while the country remains underdeveloped. If such growth is geared outward and aggravates the distortions of the economy and the society, it results in greater dependency, making the underdevelopment characteristics more pronounced. Good development means undoing the ties of dependency, correcting distortions, and realizing the internal integration of national economies. In sum, the country will be considered to be developing well only insofar as the changes introduced into the economy and the society as a whole result in a balanced, self-centered and independent development. Self-reliance is the road to good development, and it leads to reshaping the economy and the society in order to meet basic needs.

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