Skilled nursing care (SNC) provides Medicare beneficiaries short-term rehabilitation from an acute event. The purpose of this study is to assess beneficiary, market, and hospital factors associated with beneficiaries receiving care near home. The population includes Medicare beneficiaries who live in a rural area and received acute care from an urban facility in 2013. "Near home" was defined 3 different ways based on distances from the beneficiary's home to the nearest source of SNC. Results include unadjusted means and odds ratios from logistic regression. About 69% of rural beneficiaries receiving acute care in an urban location returned near home for SNC. Beneficiaries returning home were white (odds ratio [OR] black: 0.69; other race: 0.79); male (OR: 1.07); older (OR age 85+ [vs 65-69]: 1.14); farther from SNC (OR: 1.01 per mile); closer to acute care (OR: 0.28, logged miles); and received acute care from hospitals that did not own a skilled nursing facility (owned OR: 0.77) and hospitals with: no swing bed (swing bed OR: 0.47), high case mix (OR: 3.04), and nonprofit status (for-profit OR: 0.85). Results varied somewhat across definitions of "near home." Rural Medicare beneficiaries who received acute care far from home were more likely to receive SNC far from home. Because Medicare beneficiaries have the choice of where to receive SNC, policy makers may consider ensuring that new payment models do not incentivize provision of SNC away from home. © 2019 National Rural Health Association.