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Wandering in both mind and body: individual differences in mind wandering and inattention predict fidgeting.

Authors
  • Carriere, Jonathan S A
  • Seli, Paul
  • Smilek, Daniel
Type
Published Article
Journal
Canadian journal of experimental psychology = Revue canadienne de psychologie expérimentale
Publication Date
Mar 01, 2013
Volume
67
Issue
1
Pages
19–31
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1037/a0031438
PMID: 23458548
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Anecdotal reports suggest that during periods of inattention or mind wandering, people tend to experience increased fidgeting. In four studies, we examined whether individual differences in the tendency to be inattentive and to mind wander in everyday life are related to the tendency to make spontaneous and involuntary movements (i.e., to fidget). To do so, we developed self-report measures of spontaneous and deliberate mind wandering, as well as a self-report scale to index fidgeting. In addition, we used several existing self-report measures of inattentiveness, attentional control, and memory failures. Across our studies, a series of multiple regression analyses indicated that fidgeting was uniquely predicted by inattentiveness and spontaneous mind wandering but not by other related factors, including deliberate mind wandering, attentional control, and memory failures. As a result, we suggest that only spontaneously wandering thoughts are related to a wandering body.

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