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Voltammetric response of dimethyl sulphoxide at gold electrodes modified by thin films of bismuth-doped lead dioxide

Authors
  • Chang, Hsiangpin
  • Johnson, Dennis C.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Analytica Chimica Acta
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Jan 01, 1991
Volume
248
Issue
1
Pages
85–94
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/S0003-2670(00)80872-7
Source
Elsevier
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

The anodic oxidation of dimethyl sulphoxide (DMSO) to DMSO 2 is representative of numerous anodic oxygen-transfer reactions that do not occur at appreciable rates at conventional anodes, e.g., nobel metals and carbon. However, useful voltammetric waves can be obtained at noble metal electrodes modified by thin films of electrodeposited, bismuth(V)-doped lead dioxide (Bi-PbO 2). Voltammetric data for anodic deposition with cathodic stripping of Bi-PbO 2 films are examined for gold rotated disk electrodes in 1.0 M HClO 4 containing Pb 2+ with Bi 3+. Evidence is shown that ultra-thin films (< ca. 1 μm) of a reduced oxide, designated “Bi-PbO”, remain on the Au substrate when thick Bi-PbO 2 films (> ca. 10 μm) are voltammetrically stripped under rapid potential scan. The ultra-thin films possess a larger atomic ratio of Bi/Pb than the original thicker films and, following reoxidation to Bi-PbO 2, they display greater catalytic activity. The effect is interpreted on the basis of mediation of the oxygen-transfer step.

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