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Voltammetric detection of carbofuran determination using screen-printed carbon electrodes modified with gold nanoparticles and graphene oxide.

Authors
  • Jirasirichote, Apapond1
  • Punrat, Eakkasit2
  • Suea-Ngam, Akkapol1
  • Chailapakul, Orawon1
  • Chuanuwatanakul, Suchada3
  • 1 Electrochemistry and Optical Spectroscopy Center of Excellent (EOSCE), Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Phayathai Road, Pathumwan, Bangkok 10330, Thailand. , (Thailand)
  • 2 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Ramkhamhaeng University, Bangkapi, Bangkok 10240, Thailand. , (Thailand)
  • 3 Electrochemistry and Optical Spectroscopy Center of Excellent (EOSCE), Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Phayathai Road, Pathumwan, Bangkok 10330, Thailand. Electronic address: [email protected] , (Chad)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Talanta
Publication Date
Dec 01, 2017
Volume
175
Pages
331–337
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.talanta.2017.07.050
PMID: 28841999
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Carbofuran is a highly toxic pesticide that is heavily used in agriculture due to its high effectiveness and low cost. Improved methods that are simpler and lower cost are needed for carbofuran detection in food and agricultural samples. Herein, we describe the development of a unique electrochemical method for carbofuran-phenol, which is the main hydrolysis product of carbofuran. We have successfully developed a highly accurate and precise method in a portable size using a screen-printed carbon electrode (SPCE) that is modified with graphene oxide (GO) and gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). Consequently, the developed electrode is highly sensitive to and selective for carbofuran. Using the central composite design (CCD) approach, we optimized the method for analysis parameters including the electrode surface loadings of GO and AuNPs as well as the working solution pH. The method exhibited a wide linear range of 1-250µM for analyte detection using differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) on AuNPs/GO-SPCE under the optimized conditions. The limits of detection and quantitation were 0.22 and 0.72µM, respectively. In addition, we also report the application of the method for carbofuran determination in real cucumber and rice samples. This sensitive and selective carbofuran detection method is very promising for simple and low cost analysis in real agricultural fields.

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