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The voltage-gated proton channel Hv1 contributes to neuronal injury and motor deficits in a mouse model of spinal cord injury

Authors
  • Murugan, Madhuvika1, 2
  • Zheng, Jiaying1, 2
  • Wu, Gongxiong3
  • Mogilevsky, Rochelle2
  • Zheng, Xin2
  • Hu, Peiwen2
  • Wu, Junfang4
  • Wu, Long-Jun1, 2, 5, 1
  • 1 Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, 55905, USA , Rochester (United States)
  • 2 Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ, 08854, USA , Piscataway (United States)
  • 3 One Harvard Street Institute of Health, Brookline, MA, 02446, USA , Brookline (United States)
  • 4 University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD, 21201, USA , Baltimore (United States)
  • 5 Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL, 32224, USA , Jacksonville (United States)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Molecular Brain
Publisher
BioMed Central
Publication Date
Oct 20, 2020
Volume
13
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1186/s13041-020-00682-6
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

Traumatic injury to the spinal cord initiates a series of pathological cellular processes that exacerbate tissue damage at and beyond the original site of injury. This secondary damage includes oxidative stress and inflammatory cascades that can lead to further neuronal loss and motor deficits. Microglial activation is an essential component of these secondary signaling cascades. The voltage-gated proton channel, Hv1, functionally expressed in microglia has been implicated in microglia polarization and oxidative stress in ischemic stroke. Here, we investigate whether Hv1 mediates microglial/macrophage activation and aggravates secondary damage following spinal cord injury (SCI). Following contusion SCI, wild-type (WT) mice showed significant tissue damage, white matter damage and impaired motor recovery. However, mice lacking Hv1 (Hv1−/−) showed significant white matter sparing and improved motor recovery. The improved motor recovery in Hv1−/− mice was associated with decreased interleukin-1β, reactive oxygen/ nitrogen species production and reduced neuronal loss. Further, deficiency of Hv1 directly influenced microglia activation as noted by decrease in microglia numbers, soma size and reduced outward rectifier K+ current density in Hv1−/− mice compared to WT mice at 7 d following SCI. Our results therefore implicate that Hv1 may be a promising potential therapeutic target to alleviate secondary damage following SCI caused by microglia/macrophage activation.

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