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In vivo studies with phosphorothioate oligonucleotides: pharmacokinetics prologue.

Authors
  • Iversen, P
Type
Published Article
Journal
Anti-cancer drug design
Publication Date
Dec 01, 1991
Volume
6
Issue
6
Pages
531–538
Identifiers
PMID: 1772568
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Phosphorothioate oligonucleotides which contain 35S at each internucleoside linkage have been prepared and employed to evaluate the in vivo pharmacokinetics in mice, rats and rabbits. A single administration of a 27-mer complementary to the rev gene of HIV into adult male rats by either the intravenous or intraperitoneal route reveals a biphasic plasma elimination. An initial half-life of 15-25 min represents distribution out of the plasma compartment and a second half-life of 20-40 h represents elimination from the body. The second half-life is significantly longer than a variety of nucleic acids such as poly-IC and Ampligen and suggests therapy with phosphorothioate oligonucleotides should be possible and practical. Repeated daily injections of the 27-mer provides steady-state concentrations in 6-9 days, confirming the estimated long half-life from single injection studies. Finally, chronic treatment studies indicate that the phosphorothioate oligonucleotides are relatively non-toxic. Hence, pharmacokinetic considerations are not likely to be limiting factors in anti-cancer drug design with phosphorothioate oligonucleotides.

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