Rats bearing a transplanted nickel-induced rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS 9-4/0), treated with chlorozotocin (CZT), an alkylating agent, showed an amplified metastatic invasion of the lung (median of 165 lung tumour nodules, compared to 3 for untreated controls). A higher level of metastatic invasion (200 nodules) was reached spontaneously after the grafting of the S4T line, which was obtained by successive in vivo passages of RMS 9-4/0 cells in CZT treated rats. S4T tumour cells also invaded the liver and a considerable proportion of the lymph nodes. The NT4T line, obtained by successive in vivo passages in untreated rats, showed a lesser degree of enhancement of metastatic capacity (57 nodules). Both derived lines proved to be more aggressive than the parental, proliferated more rapidly, and were resistant to CZT toxicity. Only the non-treated lineage became more resistant to NK lysis. The S4T line lost its myogenic differentiation and was best described as a fibrohistiosarcoma, whereas NT4T did not. Chromosome analysis demonstrated a reduced range of chromosome number per cell in both lines. We conclude that both S4T and NT4T tumours became more metastatic than RMS 9-4/0 as the result of tumour progression through in vivo passages, and that in addition S4T acquired a spontaneously higher metastatic potential, similar to that which occurred in rats grafted with RMS 9-4/0 or NT4T tumours and treated by CZT. This suggests an inheritable mutation in the S4T line.