Bioglass particles of the compositions 45s5, 52s and 55s were implanted in the distal femoral epiphysis of rabbits. Animals were sacrificed at 7, 28, and 84 d postoperatively and specimens investigated using light microscopy and histomorphometry. Bone bonding occurred in a zentripetal fashion and fastest for 45s5. Bone formation was hampered at the core of the implantation bed where bone bonding showed a peak at 28d and diminished at 84d (except for 55s). This went along with a significant increase in numerous multinuclear giant cells (MNGC). Implantation model, particle size and surface-area-to-volume ratio are discussed as possible parameters determining bone regeneration.