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[In vitro sensitivity at 18 antibiotics of 192 strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated at Garches Hospital].

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Pathologie Biologie
0369-8114
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
35
Issue
5
Pages
558–562
Identifiers
PMID: 3112708
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The in vitro activity of 18 antibiotic (beta-lactam agents, quinolones and aminoglycoside has been evaluated against 192 clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Minimal inhibitor concentrations (MICs) were determined by the agar dilution technique. The 50% and 90% MICs were respectively: ticarcillin (32/greater than 1 024), azlocillin (16/512), piperacillin (8/512), cefsulodin (4/128), ceftazidime (2/8), aztreonam (4/16), imipenem (2/4), nalidixic acid (128/256), pefloxacin (1/8), norfloxacin (1/8), ofloxacin (2/8), ciprofloxacin (0.25/2), gentamicin (8/256), sisomicin (4/256), tobramycin (2/128) dibekacin (4/256), netilmicin (16/256), amikacin (8/16). The sensitivity to beta-lactam agents and to quinolones was usual. Resistance to aminoglycosides was frequently observed (59%): 35.7% of the resistant isolates were resistant to gentamicin-sisomicin-tobramycin-dibekacin-netilmicin, 30% to netilmicin alone, 17.8% to gentamicin-sisomicin-tobramycin-dibekacin-netilmicin-amikacin, 7% to gentamicin-netilmicin, 5.3% to gentamicin-sisomicin-tobramycin-dibekacin; we did not find any P. aeruginosa resistant only to gentamicin or gentamicin-sisomicin.

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