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In vitro relationship of CD4 cells from type I diabetic patients and xenogeneic beta-cell membranes.

Authors
  • Segain, J P
  • Valentin, A
  • Bardet, S
  • Feve, B
  • Sevestre, H
  • Houssaint, E
  • Charbonnel, B
  • Sai, P
Type
Published Article
Journal
Diabetes
Publisher
American Diabetes Association
Publication Date
May 01, 1989
Volume
38
Issue
5
Pages
634–640
Identifiers
PMID: 2653934
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

In a rosette assay, 63 patients with recent-onset type I (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus had a higher (P less than .001) number of lymphocytes adhering to rat insulinoma RINm5F cells (diabetic rosettes) than 153 healthy control (background rosettes) or 20 nondiabetic subjects with other organ-specific autoimmune diseases. Furthermore, lymphocytes from diabetic patients displayed a highly correlated (r = .97, P less than .001) binding on two different xenogeneic beta-cell lines (RIN and hamster insulinoma HIT cells). This phenomenon was not found on a panel of seven non-beta-cell lines (e.g., exocrine pancreatic cells, endocrine cells). By increasing lymphocyte-to-RIN ratios (0.25:1 to 30:1), the supernumerary RIN-adherent lymphocytes from diabetic patients, expressed as the percentage of lymphocytes involved conjugates, were only detectable at lower ratios (0.25:1 to 4:1), and their binding efficiency was two times higher than that of control lymphocytes. This efficiency fell at higher ratios (greater than 4:1) to the level of background rosettes that remained constant through the ratio scale. This specific RIN-rosette formation was abrogated when lymphocytes from diabetic patients were preabsorbed on beta-cells (either HIT or RIN) but not on non-beta-cells, whereas preabsorption of control lymphocytes did not modify the number of background rosettes. In addition, diabetic rosettes, but not background rosettes, were inhibited by competition with RIN membrane extracts but not by non-beta-cell extracts. Moreover, diabetic rosettes were inhibited during blocking experiments with anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody (MoAb) but not with unrelated MoAbs.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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