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In vitro effects of tetrodotoxin and hexamethonium on electrolyte transport in rabbit ileum treated with cholera toxin.

Authors
  • Ben Mansour, A
  • Rautureau, M
  • Tome, D
  • Bisalli, A
  • Tritar, B
  • Desjeux, J F
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal de physiologie
Publication Date
Jan 01, 1991
Volume
85
Issue
4
Pages
181–187
Identifiers
PMID: 1820451
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

To determine if there was a role for the submucosal nerves in cholera toxin (CT)-induced secretion, we studied the effects of serosal addition of two neurotoxins, the nerve conduction blocking agent, tetrodotoxin (TTX), and the nicotinic ganglionic blocking agent, hexamethonium (HXM), on electrolyte secretion in control isolated rabbit ileum and in that stimulated by CT. 1). In the absence of CT, the short circuit current (Isc) decreased after TTX (10(-7) M) (P less than 0.01) and was unaltered by HXM (10(-5) M). In the presence of CT, Isc increased but was not modified by 10(-7) M TTX or 10(-5) M HXM. 2) In control tissues the mean isotopic Na+ and Cl- fluxes were not significantly altered by TTX addition. Cl- absorption alone was significantly reduced by HXM (delta JCl- = 1.95 +/- 0.81 microEq.hr-1.cm-2; P less than 0.02). After stimulation with CT, TTX significantly inhibited Na+ and Cl- secretion (delta JNa+ = 2.15 +/- 0.61 and delta JCl- = 2.15 +/- 0.76 microEq.hr-1.cm-2; P less than 0.01). Similarly, HXM significantly inhibited CT-stimulated Na+ and Cl- secretion (delta JNa+ = 1.73 +/- 0.70 and delta JCl- = 1.46 +/- 0.62 microEq.hr-1.cm-2; P less than 0.02). 3) In TTX and HXM treated tissues there was no difference in the increase in Isc caused by cAMP (2 x 10(-3) M), calcium ionophore A 23187 (4 x 10(-6) M) and glucose (10(-3) M) compared to the untreated tissues in the presence or absence of CT.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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