The effects of 24R,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (24,25-(OH)2D3 on alkaline phosphatase (PAL), gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) and acid phosphatase (PAC) activities were investigated on renal cortex slices of hypophysectomized rats. Indeed after hypophysectomy renal 24,25-(OH)2D3 production was increased and renal PAL and GGT activities were decreased. After 5h incubation with physiological concentrations (0.1-10 nM) of 24,25-(OH)2D3 significant increases of PAL and GGT activities were produced. The maximum stimulation obtained with 1 nM was +23% for PAL and +26% for GGT as compared to controls. PAC was not modified. The time course of these effects was studied from 45 min to 8 h. In the presence of 24,25-(OH)2D3 (1 nM), delayed (3h) stimulation of PAL and GGT appeared. It reached the maximal value after 6h, +37% for PAL and +30% for GGT and persisted again at 8h. Cycloheximide added to incubation medium with steroid inhibited the stimulating effect on PAL only. Actinomycin D suppressed the induction of both enzymes, indicating that the observed actions of 24,25-(OH)2D3 depend on protein synthesis whose responsible mechanisms were different. These protein synthesis inhibitors did not modified enzymatic activities. Physiological significance of these renal effects is to be clarified.