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In vitro biomechanical comparison of three methods for internal fixation of femoral neck fractures in dogs.

Authors
  • Fisher, S C
  • McLaughlin, R M
  • Elder, S H
Type
Published Article
Journal
Veterinary and comparative orthopaedics and traumatology : V.C.O.T
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2012
Volume
25
Issue
1
Pages
36–41
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3415/VCOT-11-03-0045
PMID: 22028112
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The in vitro biomechanical properties of three methods for internal fixation of femoral neck fractures were evaluated. Fifty cadaveric femura from Beagle dogs were used. Ten intact femora served as controls. In 40 femura, an osteotomy of the femoral neck was performed to simulate a transverse fracture. With the remaining 30 femura, three repair methods (two medium Orthofix pins, a 2.7 mm cortical bone screw placed in lag fashion and an anti- rotational Kirschner wire, or three divergent 1.1 mm Kirschner wires) were used to stabilize the osteotomies, and 10 osteotomies were stabilised per repair method. These 30 femura where then subject to monotonic loading to failure. Construct stiffness and load to failure were measured. In the remaining 10 femura, pressure sensitive film was placed at the osteotomy site prior to stabilization with either two Orthofix pins (n = 5) or a screw placed in lag fashion (n = 5) to determine the compressive pressure (MPa), compressive force (KN) and area of compression (cm²). There was no significant difference in the stiffness or load to failure for the three repair methods evaluated. There was no significant difference in the compressive pressure, compressive force or area of compression in osteotomies stabilized with Orthofix pins and 2.7 mm bone screws.

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