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Vitamin D & bone mineral density of healthy school children in northern India.

Authors
  • Marwaha, R K
  • Sripathy, Gopalakrishnan
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Indian Journal of Medical Research
Publisher
Medknow Publications
Publication Date
Mar 01, 2008
Volume
127
Issue
3
Pages
239–244
Identifiers
PMID: 18497437
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Studies on bone mineral health in children have been primarily based on clinical, biochemical and radiological evidence. Measurement of vitamin D levels and bone mass by non invasive imaging techniques like dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), have led to a plethora of data regarding various factors responsible for bone mineral health from various countries including India. We reviewed the currently available evidence on status of calcium-vitamin D-parathormone (PTH) relationship and bone mineral density (BMD) in apparently healthy children. High prevalence of clinical and biochemical hypovitaminosis D exists in apparently healthy school children from north India. Also, children from upper socio-economic strata (USES) from Delhi had significantly higher mean BMD values at distal forearm (BMDdf) and calcameum (BMDca) than those from lower socio-economic strata (LSES). Age, nutrition, height and weight were seen to be significantly associated with BMD at peripheral sites.

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