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Visuomotor adaptation and intermanual transfer under different viewing conditions.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Experimental Brain Research
1432-1106
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Volume
202
Issue
3
Pages
543–552
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s00221-010-2155-0
PMID: 20091300
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Does the brain use a separate internal model for cursor mechanics during visuomotor adaptation? We compared the amount of adaptation and transfer to the opposite arm when subjects reached the targets under different viewing conditions of the arm during reaching. If the brain forms separate models, we predict a difference in the amount of adaptation and transfer for each viewing condition. If the brain forms one model, we predict equivalent amounts of adaptation and transfer between the two hands for each viewing condition. Separate groups of subjects performed a reaching task with either a rotated view of cursor motion representing their unseen hand or a rotated view of their actual hand. The two groups were further divided so that the magnitude of the rotation was either 45 degrees or 75 degrees counter-clockwise. After adapting to the rotation with one hand, subjects reached the same targets under the same viewing condition but with the opposite hand. Similar amounts of adaptation and intermanual transfer were found across the different magnitudes of rotation and across patterns of hand-order. Our results suggest that the brain may not be learning a distinct model for cursor mechanics, or if it is, it must be equivalent or overlapping with the arm model.

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