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Visual adaptation.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Biophysics of structure and mechanism
Publication Date
Volume
3
Issue
2
Pages
159–162
Identifiers
PMID: 890052
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

1) The eye may be regarded as an automatic camera that keeps the average sensitivity near the middle of the working range. 2) Nerve signals are contrast-coded, and hence are not changed by changes in general illumination. 3) Rod thresholds can be raised three-fold by a background from which only 1% of the rods have caught one quantum. 4) Adaptation is of two kinds a) to backgrounds (the Weber-Fechner relation) and b) to bleachings which is entirely different. 5) After bleaching the threshold is raised as though a bright background were present. The positive after-image following bleaching has quantitatively the properties of that bright background. 6) The visual incapacity after bleaching seems a pointless visual disaster.

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