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Virus–Host Interactions Involved in Lassa Virus Entry and Genome Replication

Authors
  • Loureiro, María Eugenia
  • D’Antuono, Alejandra
  • López, Nora
Type
Published Article
Journal
Pathogens
Publisher
MDPI
Publication Date
Jan 29, 2019
Volume
8
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3390/pathogens8010017
PMID: 30699976
PMCID: PMC6470645
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

Lassa virus (LASV) is the causative agent of Lassa fever, a human hemorrhagic disease associated with high mortality and morbidity rates, particularly prevalent in West Africa. Over the past few years, a significant amount of novel information has been provided on cellular factors that are determinant elements playing a role in arenavirus multiplication. In this review, we focus on host proteins that intersect with the initial steps of the LASV replication cycle: virus entry and genome replication. A better understanding of relevant virus–host interactions essential for sustaining these critical steps may help to identify possible targets for the rational design of novel therapeutic approaches against LASV and other arenaviruses that cause severe human disease.

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